Australia's Intelligent STI Check - Fast, Convenient and Discreet
Chlamydia & Gonorrhea
About the Tests
The tests for Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea use nucleic acid amplification based techniques (PCR) to separately test for the presence of the bacteria Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. There is no swabbing involved, only a single urine sample is required.
The advantage of these types of DNA amplification tests is that they are generally more sensitive (and can therefore more accurately identify positive specimens), are simple and non-invasive for the patient.
How to Prepare for the Test
There is no preparation required for this urine test, all we recommend is to hold off from visiting the bathroom for one hour prior to arriving at the collection centre.
Other than that, all you need to do is take your printed SmartHealth pathology request form to your nearest Sonic Healthcare collection centre. Click here to locate your nearest pathology collection centre.
You do not need to fast before the test.
A normal test result means that there is no evidence of either infection at the time of the test. Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae bacteria can take between two days and four weeks to develop, so if testing for a specific incident, initial tests may be negative if they are inside this window - read more about 'testing windows'.
It is important for those who are at increased risk of infection to have screening tests performed on a regular basis to check for possible exposure. Increased risk would include any sexual encounter with a partner whose STI status is unknown.
An abnormal result for either of these tests will mean a diagnosis of Chlamydia or Gonorrhoea infection, or both. Both Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea can be easily treated and cured with a course of antibiotics, but if left undiagnosed, both can cause severe reproductive and other health problems. Anyone with an abnormal result should stop having sex until they have met with their doctor.
Who Should Have This Test?
Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea are the most common bacterial STIs / STDs in Australia. They affect both men and women and are easily spread.
The test for Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea is recommended for those who believe they may have been exposed to these infections, or for testing to confirm a normal result following diagnosis and treatment (“test of cure”).
For anyone who has had a recent sexual encounter with an individual whose STI status is unknown, we recommend the more comprehensive ‘Routine Screen’, which tests for the presence of six of the most common STIs that are detectable through blood and urine analysis.
When to Have This Test?
If you are concerned about a sexual encounter with a partner whose STI status is unknown, please use the 'window period' guidelines to determine when you should be tested (the 'window period' is time during which an infection has been passed, but may be undetectable - so even though it may be present it cannot be diagnosed).
If you've been notified or are concerned about exposure to Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea (specifically) by a partner, we suggest that you stop engaging in sexual activity and seek STI screening.
If you have genital, oral or anal symptoms such as sores, rashes, lumps, itching, unusual discharge or bleeding, discomfort when urinating, lower pain or a sense of general un-wellness, it is important that you stop engaging in sexual activity and see a doctor as soon as possible.
Click here to read more about STI symptoms.
Non-Genital Infection of Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea
Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia infections can occur at non-genital sites such as throat and rectum. If risk-factors exist for non-genital infection (oral sex and/or anal sex), it is recommended that assessment and testing be arranged through a doctor.